What to plant in February

Cosmos flowers

In the UK, February is a good month to sow seeds of hardy annuals such as cosmos, and greenhouse crops such as tomatoes. By sowing seeds early on in the year, you can enjoy flowers and vegetables for a larger part of the year – the growing season can then be extended by carrying out repeated sowings from March onwards.

If you have a heated propagator and grow lamp, you can start sowings of chillies, aubergines and sweet peppers in February. Otherwise, sow seeds of hardier vegetables such as kale, and hardy annual flowers such as cosmos, in pots on a warm, sunny window sill.

February is also a good time to plant summer-flowering bulbs in pots, most of which do best in free-draining soils. You can plant hardy perennials such as Japanese anemones and hardy geraniums, too. Most are dormant in February, with little or no foliage growing above the ground. However, by planting them in February you can get them off to a good start, as they will start growing as soon as temperatures increase.

Outside, in soil warmed beneath a cloche, you can sow broad beans and plant out young plants of hardy salads.

Flowers to plant in February

Cosmos

A single, pink cosmos flower
A single, pink cosmos flower

Cosmos are easy flowers to grow and they look great in borders or meadows. The seeds need light to germinate, so sow on top of peat-free seed compost in a tray or plant pot placed indoors in a sunny spot such as a window sill, then prick out when large enough to handle.

Sweet peas

Pink sweet pea 'First Flame'
Pink sweet pea ‘First Flame’

Sweet peas are a stalwart of summer garden and they’re easy to grow. Sow seeds individually into biodegradable pots or cardboard tubes, as they can be planted out in their containers to avoid root disturbance. Keep them in an unheated greenhouse or cold frame and harden off before planting out.

Salvias

Salvia patens flowers
Salvia patens flowers

Salvias are great for providing structure and height in the garden, and many varieties can be grown from seed. Sow the seeds in February, scattering them on top of peat-free seed compost, and then cover the seeds with a fine layer of compost or vermiculite. Keep the pots in a light, warm spot indoors, ensuring the compost stays moist.

Lilies

Pink and white lily flowers
Pink and white lily flowers

Lilies are fantastic summer border flowers, and work well in cut flower arrangements. Plant the bulbs any time from autumn to spring in a sunny spot, in rich, well-drained soil, around 15-20cm deep. If you have heavy, wet soil, it’s best to plant them in pots, to plat out later.


Eucomis

Pineapple lily (Eucomis) flowers
Pineapple lily (Eucomis) flowers

Exotic pineapple lilies (Eucomis) are usually planted in spring, however, it’s not too early to plant them in February, but you’ll have more success if you plant them in pots, as open ground can be wet at this time of year, causing the bulbs to rot. Plant the bulbs 15cm deep in pots in a cold frame or unheated greenhouse, and plant out into the garden when all risk of frost has passed.


Liatris

Feathery pink liatris blooms
Feathery pink liatris blooms

Liatris are tough, herbaceous perennials hailing from North America, beloved by bees and butterflies. Large, extravagant blooms come in shades of pink, purple and white. Plant the bulbs in light, free-draining soil, around 5cm deep. If you have heavy, or waterlogged soil, plant the bulbs in pots to plant out later.


Agapanthus

Tall blue flowerheads of agapanthus
Tall blue flowerheads of agapanthus

There are many beautiful types of agapanthus to grow, and getting them started couldn’t be easier. Containers are ideal for growing agapanthus, as you can bring them under cover in winter if you need to. Plant the bulbs 8-10cm deep, 10-15cm apart in good quality, well-drained compost. Once frosts have passed, move the pot outdoors to a warm, sunny position.


Galtonia

White bluebell-like flowers of the summer hyacinth Galtonia
White bluebell-like flowers of the summer hyacinth Galtonia

Galtonia, or summer hyacinths, are stately plants that produce tall spikes of nodding white flowers, which look particularly good when planted in large drifts. They do best in a sunny position in free-draining soil, where the bulbs should be planted 10cm deep, 10cm apart. In heavy soils, plant in pots.

Hardy geraniums

Pink-lined white flowers of a hardy geranium or cranesbill
Pink-lined white flowers of a hardy geranium or cranesbill

Hardy geraniums, also known as cranesbills, are useful plants to have in the garden. The flowers will last for months, providing food for pollinators, and they’re easy to grow. They can also be grown in sun or shade. These robust plants will adapt to suit most soils, except those that are waterlogged.


Japanese anemones

98774-Japanese anemone flowers: pale pink petals around golden centres
Japanese anemone flowers: pale pink petals around golden centres

Reliable and vigorous, Japanese anemones are well suited to borders, blending well with other plants and adding height and structure. Grow them in partial shade, in moist, well-drained soil.


Vegetables to plant in February

Kale

A red kale plant
A red kale plant

While very hardy, kale seeds need to be started off indoors during winter, as it’s too cool outside for the seeds to germinate. Sow seeds indoors in modules or 7cm pots, with 2-3 seeds per module, then thin to leave the healthiest seedling. Keep on a sunny window sill.


Tomatoes

Sowing tomato seeds in a tray in a propagator
Sowing tomato seeds in a tray in a propagator

Tomato seeds need a minimum temperature of 10ºC to germinate, so are best started off in a heated propagator. However, if you wait until the end of the month, a sunny window sill should be warm enough to encourage germination, just make sure the pots or trays are covered to stop temperatures falling dramatically at night.


Chillies

Crop of red chillis
Crop of red chillis

Chillies are a good crop to start in February, but only if you have a heated propagator as most varieties need a minimum temperature of 25ºC to germinate. Sow 2-3 seeds thinly per small individual pot using seed compost. Cover to own depth with vermiculite.

Aubergines

A selection of aubergine varieties on a wooden table
A selection of aubergine varieties on a wooden table

Harvest July to October.

Like chillies, aubergines need a minimum temperature of 25ºC to germinate, but the earlier you sow them, the longer their season of growth and the greater chance they have to fruit. Sow 2-3 seeds thinly per small individual pot using seed compost. Cover to own depth with vermiculite.

Basil

Basil leaves
Basil leaves

Basil needs a minimum temperature of 15ºC to germinate, so is best sown in a heated propagator but you may have success on a sunny window sill from the end of the month. Sow basil thinly on the surface of pots or trays of seed compost, and cover with vermiculite.

Broad beans

Vegetable seeds to sow in December - broad beans
Sowing broad bean seeds

Sow broad beans in February for a head start on spring sowings. Sow direct outdoors if conditions are mild or if you have pre-warmed the soil using cloches or fleece. In cold conditions, sow in multi-celled trays in a greenhouse or cold frame, and then plant the young plants out when temperatures have increased.

Carts

Accessories

Flower Seeds

Composting

Choosing the right fruit trees for your climate
How to harvest herbs: How and when to harvest homegrown herbs
what weed is it? putting names to pesky plants
Georgia’s Farming and Gardening Sector: Top 10 Easiest Veggies to Grow [Infographic]
Best Shrubs Of The Southwest For Landscaping
How To Grow Your Own Plant-Based Thanksgiving Dinner
Grow Tasty Herbs For Roast Turkey In Your Garden
Crabapples Recipe Ideas To Add To Your Thanksgiving Menu
Win an RHS calendar gift set, worth £19.99
Growing and caring for house plants with Monty
Tea-break tutorials with Alan Titchmarsh: episode 17 – exclusively for subscribers
How to plant evening primroses in autumn
Can I use garden soil for indoor plants?
Herbs that Grow Well with Rosemary
How Far Apart to Grow Tomatoes, Explained
Are lizards good for the garden?
Top 6 Struggles of Growing Herbs Indoors (w/ solutions)!!!??? // Garden Answer
Top 5 Beginner Tips For Apartment Gardeners Aja Dang Epic
How To Grow Tomatoes Indoors
How To Care For Indoor Plants + GREENIFY YOUR SPACE
How to Grow Vegetable Seedlings
Try it now | How to grow Bean Sprouts in the fastest and easiest
Try it now | How to grow Bean Sprouts in the fastest and easiest
Biggest & Thickest Buds on Cannabis using This Organic Hardener & Sugars
Biggest & Thickest Buds on Cannabis using This Organic Hardener & Sugars
MY SECRETS TO BIG MONEY PLANT (POTHOS) | MONEY PLANT CARE TIPS - COMPLETE GUIDE
MY SECRETS TO BIG MONEY PLANT (POTHOS) | MONEY PLANT CARE TIPS – COMPLETE GUIDE